Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Crescent (symbol of Islam)
(645 words)

In the Islamic lunar calendar, the crescent of the new moon (hilāl) defines many aspects of Muslim religious life, ranging from the date of the pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina (ḥajj), to the beginning and end of Ramaḍān, the month of fasting (ṣawm). Apart from its calendrical importance, the new moon progressively came to be viewed as one of the distinctive symbols of Islam. It frequently appears on top of the domes found in Muslim religious architecture and on flags and military banners in the Islamic world. In some sense, the symbolic use of the crescent i…

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Kadoi, Yuka, “Crescent (symbol of Islam)”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 08 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_25588>
First published online: 2014
First print edition: 9789004269637, 2014, 2014-4

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