Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(541 words)

Fatahillah is remembered in Indonesia as a sixteenth-century Muslim hero who ejected the Portuguese from the port of Sunda Kalapa, in Java, and renamed it Jayakarta (or a similar name), thus becoming the founder of what is now the Indonesian capital city of Jakarta.

The Portuguese came to the area in 1522, when the still-Hindu state of Banten (a major pepper port) was under threat from the Muslim state of Demak, farther east on the north coast of Java. The Portuguese agreed to build a fortified position on Banten’s eastern frontiers, at a…

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Ricklefs, M. C., “Fatahillah”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 27 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27025>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: 9789004225442, 2012, 2012-2

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