Fear of God and Hope (for God’s mercy) (in Sufism)
(865 words)

Fear of God (khawf) and hope (for God’s mercy) (rajāʾ) are two stations (maqāmāt, Ar. sing. maqām) on the Ṣūfī path. In Ṣūfī handbooks, both stations lie somewhere in the middle of the Ṣūfī traveller’s spiritual journey. In the Qūt al-qulūb (“The nourishment of the hearts”) by the Baghdadi Ṣūfī Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī (d. 386/996) and the Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn (“Revival of religious sciences”) by the famous Khurāsānian scholar al-Ghazālī (d. 505/1111), these stations follow the stations of patience (ṣabr) and gratefulness (shukr) and precede poverty (faqr) and renunciation (zuhd) (al-Makkī,…

Cite this page
Berger, Lutz, “Fear of God and Hope (for God’s mercy) (in Sufism)”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 15 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27081>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: 9789004234871, 2012, 2012-4

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