Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Fidāʾiyyān-i Islām
(624 words)

The Fidāʾiyyān-i Islām (usually spelt Fadāʾiyyān-i Islām in Persian) group was a radical Islamist movement in twentieth-century Iran. It was founded in March 1946, largely in response to Aḥmad Kasravī’s (1890–1946) critique of Shīʿī Islam. Its founder and leader was the young cleric Sayyid Mujtabā Mīrlawḥī, otherwise known as Navvāb-i Ṣafavī (1924–55). The group’s aim was to establish an Islamic government in Iran within the existing constitutional monarchy, and it had some affinities and contacts with the Muslim Brotherho…

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Katouzian, Homa, “Fidāʾiyyān-i Islām”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 15 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27121>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004252653, 2013, 2013-1

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