(1,950 words)

Gabriel (Ar. Jibrīl, as in the Cairo Qurʾān, or Jabrāʾīl; from Hebr. Gabrīʾēl, probably through Christian Palestinian Aramaic Gabrīl) appears in two passages of the Qurʾān (Q 2:97–98; 66:4). In Islamic tradition he is an angel closely associated with the prophet Muḥammad.

1. Gabriel in the Qurʾān

While the Qurʾān does not explicitly call Gabri…

Cite this page
Reynolds, Gabriel Said, “Gabriel”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 16 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2014
First print edition: 9789004269620, 2014, 2014-3

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