Gazel (Qəzəl) in Azerbaijani literature
(805 words)

The first Azerbaijani qəzəls appear in the eighth/fourteenth or perhaps at the end of the seventh/thirteenth century, such as those written by Həsənoğlu (fl. seventh/thirteenth century). By then, the term qəzəl was already firmly established in its two main genres: the semantic (love poetry), and the formal (a genre of short əruz [əruz /Arabic ʿarūḍ] poetry with an “aa ba ca…” rhyme pattern). By this time qəzəls had been considerably extended from their original erotic basis, demonstrated by the religio-philosophical themes in Həsənoğlu’s extant works. However…

Cite this page
Heß, Michael R., “Gazel (Qəzəl) in Azerbaijani literature”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 13 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2016
First print edition: 9789004305779, 2016, 2016-4

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