Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Ḥamdān Qarmaṭ
(867 words)

Ḥamdān Qarmaṭ b. al-Ashʿath was the leader of the Qarmatian movement in the sawād (rural district) of Kufa. Al-Ṭabarī (3:2125) has Karmītah, which is supposed to mean “red-eyed.” The diminutive form Qarmāṭūya is used by al-Nawbakhtī and Niẓām al-Mulk. Originally a carrier (who transported goods on oxen) from the village of al-Dūr in the ṭassūj (subdistrict) of Furāt Bādaqlā (east of Kufa), he was converted to the early Ismāʿīlī movement by the dāʿī (propagandist) al-Ḥusayn al-Ahwāzī. The date 264/878 given for his conversion by a much later report may be approximately correct.…

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Madelung, Wilferd, updated by, ¨ and Halm, Heinz, “Ḥamdān Qarmaṭ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 17 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30252>
First published online: 2016
First print edition: 9789004305786, 2016, 2016-5

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