Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Hāshimīs of Mecca
(1,069 words)

The Hāshimīs (Hashemites) were a dynasty of Ḥasanī descendants of the prophet Muḥammad (sharīfs) who ruled Mecca as amīrs almost without interruption from the fourth/tenth century until 1924. After the First World War, the dynasty provided kings for Syria and Iraq, which later became republics, and gave its name to the territory that became the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The dynasty was named after Hāshim b. ʿAbd Manāf, the paternal great-grandfather of the prophet Muḥammad.

The majority of the Shīʿa recognised as their Imāms descendants of ʿAlī’s younger son al-Ḥusa…

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Rentz, G., updated by, ¨ and Ochsenwald, William, “Hāshimīs of Mecca”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 17 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_40452>
First published online: 2021
First print edition: 9789004464599, 20220301, 2022-2

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