Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Hudood Ordinances
(1,897 words)

Hudood Ordinances refer to the legislation of penal laws in Pakistan entitled “Enforcement of Hudood Ordinances VI, VII, VIII and IX” on 10 February 1979, issued in English. In these ordinances, the “hudood” (Ar. pl. ḥudūd, penalties, sing. ḥadd) relate respectively to the offences of theft and robbery; adultery, rape and fornication (zinā); false accusation (qazf/qadhf) of zinā; and punishment by whipping (; Council of Islamic Ideology 17–44). Ordinance IX, the last Ordinance, was enforced to provide the law required for the execution of the punishme…

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Masud, Muhammad Khalid, “Hudood Ordinances”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 28 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30540>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 9789004335707, 2017, 2017-1



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