Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī
(1,045 words)

Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī, amīr (known in Western sources as Grand Sharif) of Mecca from 1908 to 1916, and king of the Ḥijāz from 1916 to 1924, proclaimed the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, and sought the title of caliph, but lost his kingdom to the Saudi dynasty. Ḥusayn was a member of the ʿAwn branch of the Meccan Hāshimite sharīfs who, as descendants of the prophet Muḥammad, shared rule in Mecca and parts of the Ḥijāz with the Ottoman governors of that province.

Born in Istanbul in 1853 or 1854, Ḥusayn passed his youth partly in the Ḥijāz and partly in Istanbul, where after 18…

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Longrigg, Steven Helmsley, updated by, ¨ and Ochsenwald, William, “Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 17 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30571>
First published online: 2021
First print edition: 9789004464599, 20220301, 2022-2



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