Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Ibn Ḥawqal
(1,593 words)

Abū l-Qāsim Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Naṣībī (d. after 367/978), known as Ibn Ḥawqal, was an Arab geographer and cartographer who sought to provide up-to-date representations of the Muslim provinces from the information he collected during his travels throughout the Muslim world. He moved away from the Ptolemaic model of cartography towards that of al-Iṣṭakhrī (fl. c.340/951), with a set of twenty maps covering the whole of the Muslim provinces.

He was born in Nuṣaybīn (in present-day Turkey), in the first quarter of the fourth/tenth century. We know that he grew up i…

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Ducène, Jean-Charles, “Ibn Ḥawqal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 29 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30810>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 9789004335707, 2017, 2017-1

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