Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Literacy, South Asia
(2,664 words)

Literacy in South Asia is, in the context of the spread of Islam and Islamicate culture, still largely unexplored in scholarship. Few pre-modern South Asians were literate and few languages were standardised for writing. Persian established itself as an important language for cosmopolitan communication and was widely taught in the Mughal period. British educational reforms, although they sidelined Persian, wer…

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Dudney, Arthur, “Literacy, South Asia”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 28 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_35881>
First print edition: , , 2023-2

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