Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(1,540 words)

Muhammadiyah (or Muhammadijah, from Ar. Muḥammadiyya) is the largest Muslim modernist movement in Indonesia. Founded by Ahmad Dahlan (d. 1923) in Yogyakarta in 1912, it has, as of 2017, more than twenty million members and sympathisers and is second in membership only to the traditionalist movement Nahdlatul Ulama (Bush). The modernist character of Muhammadiyah is reflected in …

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Burhani, Ahmad Najib, “Muhammadiyah”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 06 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_36688>
First print edition: 9789004386679, 2019, 2019-6

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