Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Persian language
(2,594 words)

The Persian language is spoken and used today as an official or state language in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. In Islamic history and culture, it has played an important role, second only to that of Arabic. It evolved as an Islamic language in fourth/tenth-century Sāmānid Iran, written in a modified Arabic script and capable of expressing the most sophisticated concepts of Islamic civilisation. From the Middle Ages onwards, …

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Paul, Ludwig, “Persian language”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 31 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_46164>
First print edition: , , 2023-2



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