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Theodicy in Classical Judaism
(6,606 words)

The term theodicy refers to a justification of the ways of God, the proof that—despite what might appear to be the case—God's justice governs the world order. The need for such a proof comes about by reason of the character of monotheism . For, while a religion of numerous gods finds many solutions to one problem, a religion of only one God presents one to many. Life is seldom fair. Rules rarely work. To explain the reason why, polytheisms adduce multiple causes of chaos, a god per anomaly. Diverse gods do various things, so, it stands to reason, outcomes conflict. Monotheism, by contrast, exp…

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Neusner, Jacob, “Theodicy in Classical Judaism”, in: Encyclopaedia of Judaism. Consulted online on 04 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-9029_EJ_SIM_0004>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004141001, 20040701

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