Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(664 words)

The native inhabitants of the Arabian peninsula and their descendants. The Qurʾān refers repeatedly to what may loosely be called peoples, communities, tribes and nations (see tribes and clans ). Most belong to the past but a few are contemporaneous, e.g. the Byzantines (al-Rūm, see byzantines ) and the Quraysh (q.v.). However, the Arabs (al-ʿarab) are not among these groups, either of the past or of the present. Instead, the Qurʾān employs the adjective ʿarabī (Arab, Arabic) to qualify a number of substantives such as the Qurʾān itself (six times) and the language in which it is re- veale…

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Khalidi, Tarif, “Arabs”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 19 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00027>

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