Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Brother and Brotherhood
(2,980 words)

The term brother ( akh) is used in the Qurʾān in several senses: in its strict biological sense; in several partly metaphorical senses, especially to indicate membership in a genealogical group; and, in a more extended metaphorical sense, to indicate membership in a group united by a shared belief. There are verses in the Qurʾān that indicate that the sense of community and mutual respect, concern and aid implied by brotherhood in this extended, metaphorical sense can unite not only Muslims but any humans who do virtuous acts in response to God's expectations of them (see community and soc…

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Mottahedeh, Roy P., “Brother and Brotherhood”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 01 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00064>

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