Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Evil Deeds
(985 words)

Actions that are intended to harm others. The term normally understood as “evil deed” or “sin” ( sayyiʾa) is mentioned in the Qurʾān 24 times in the singular, and 36 times in the plural. In many verses, the term is directly juxtaposed to “good deed(s)” (q.v.; ḥasana, pl. ḥasanāt) and is often interpreted by Muslim exegetes as denoting actions which are negative by means of their intentions and consequences. Other related terms include “sin” ( dhanb, see sin, major and minor ) mentioned in the Qurʾān 39 times in its various permutations, “wrong-doing,” attested over 200 times…

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Wheeler, Brannon M., “Evil Deeds”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 26 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00139>

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