Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Fātiḥa
(3,357 words)

The first sūra of the Qurʾān, “The Opener,” more properly “The Opening of Scripture” (fātiḥat al-kitāb, see book ). It occupies a unique place formally and theologically in the ʿUthmānic text of the Qurʾān and in ritual prayer ( ṣalāt, see codices of the qurʾān; ritual and the qurʾān; prayer). Its seven brief verses stand at the head of the qurʾānic text, the remaining 113 sūras being arranged roughly from longest to shortest. It is the one sūra that every Muslim …

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Graham, William A., “Fātiḥa”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 01 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00063>



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