Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,654 words)

Relationship by blood or marriage. Although there is no single term that corresponds precisely to the English term “kinship,” the Qurʾān contains a variety of what might be identified as “kinship terms”: qurbā (near relative); arḥām (close kin, maternal kin); ʿashīra (clan, tribe; see tribes and clans ); zawj (husband); zawja (wife); imraʾa (wife, woman); ṣāḥiba (wife, companion, friend; the masc. sing., ṣāḥib, is also attested in the Qurʾān, but does not have the familial connotation of the feminine form); akh (brother, friend; see brother and brotherhood; friends and friendship);…

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Asad, Talal, “Kinship”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 15 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00250>

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