Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(1,201 words)

The unlawful killing of a human being with malicious forethought. The Qurʾān uses the verb qatala to denote “kill” as well as “murder.” In the latter sense it is used to describe both infanticide (q.v.), as in q 6:140: “Lost are they who slay their children (q.v.) out of folly and ignorance (q.v.),” and the intentional killing of another without legal right, such as in q 5:32: “Whosoever kills another — unless for murder or highway robbery ( fasād fī l-arḍ, see theft; corruption) — it is as though he has killed the entirety of humanity.” The penalty for the latter is the death…

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Fadel, Mohammad, “Murder”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 01 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00292>

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