Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Retaliation
(1,102 words)

Act of returning like for like. The Arabic term usually rendered as “retaliation” is qiṣāṣ, although qiṣāṣ also means punishment for a wrongful act (see chastisement and punishment; evil deeds). The Qurʾān mentions qiṣāṣ on several occasions, mostly in the sense of punishment for murder (q.v.) or physical injury and once in the sense of retaliation or reprisal for a wrongful act. In Sūrat al-Baqara ( q 2, “The Cow”) the Qurʾān affirms the pre-Islamic practice of considering certain months (q.v.) in the year to be sanctified (see profane and sacred ) and, therefore, of prohibiting warf…

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El Fadl, Khaled Abou, “Retaliation”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00357>



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