(757 words)

Nutritional or financial support. In its various and numerous nominal-verbal forms, the root consonants r-z-q provide the key qurʾānic sense of “sustenance” understood more particularly as that which sustains life (q.v.) and health (see illness and health) but in places suggests, too, that which provides a livelihood (see wealth ). Another word signifying “sustenance” (aqwāt, sing. qūt) occurs once only ( q 41:10) in a description of God's creation (q.v.) of the world. The great provider or sustainer ( q 5:114; 22:58; 62:11) is, of course, God (see god and his attributes), who orders …

Cite this page
Waines, David, “Sustenance”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 15 November 2018 <>

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