Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access

(1,495 words)

In the larger sense, Syria (in Arabic al-Shām) extended from the Euphrates River/Amanus Mountains to the Gulf of Clysma/Suez. The region was known to the pre-Islamic Arabs (q.v.), especially the Meccans, whose caravans (see caravan) traversed the spice-route, the two termini of which, Gaza and Buṣrā, were visited by them, as was the Sinai (q.v.) peninsula (see also pre-islamic arabia and the qurʾān).

The term Syria or al-Shām does not appear in the Qurʾān but, as al-Shām included the holy land, references to it in the Qurʾān as the land of the biblical prop…

Cite this page
Shahīd, Irfan, “Syria”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 05 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00411>

▲   Back to top   ▲