Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Abū ʿAbdallāh ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān, third caliph (q.v.; r. 23-35/644-55) and first “rightly guided” (rāshid) caliph from the Umayyad clan, an early convert to Islam and emigrant (muhājir; see emigrants and helpers ) to both Abyssinia (q.v.) and Medina (q.v.; see also emigration ). These pious credentials (see piety ) are tainted by his absence at the battle of Badr (q.v.), his flight at Uḥud (see expeditions and battles ), his absence at Ḥudaybiya (q.v.; see Bukhārī, Ṣaḥīḥ, 66, Faḍāʾil al-Qurʾān, 3; ed. Krehl, iii, 93; trans. Houdas, iii, 522-3) and his alleged impiety during…

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Reynolds, Gabriel Said, “ʿUthmān”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 06 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00439>

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