Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(2,717 words)

A state of open, armed and often prolonged conflict between states, tribes or parties, frequently mentioned in the Qurʾān. It is usually referred to by derivatives of the third form of q-t-l,fighting” (q.v.), sometimes with the qualification sabīl Allāh, “in the path of God” (see path or way ); but we also hear of ḥarb, “war,” both against God and the messenger (q.v.; e.g. q 5:33; 9:107; cf. 5:64) and by or for them (q 2:279; 8:57; cf. 47:4). Derivatives of j-h-d are used for …

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Crone, Patricia, “War”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 03 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00214>

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