Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Active
(647 words)

Abstract

Ancient Greek has three morphologically distinct voice categories: active voice, middle voice and passive voice. The active voice is marked by active endings: , -eis, -ei, etc. The active voice can be viewed as the unmarked member in a privative opposition.

The verbal grammatical category of voice pertains to the relationship between syntactic roles and semantic roles (agent, patient and experiencer). Ancient Greek has three morphologically distinct voice categories: active voice, middle voice, and passive voice (Voice). The …

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Rutger Allan, “Active”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 08 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000411>
First published online: 2013



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