Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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(860 words)


Although the aorist is traditionally defined as a temporal stem, its function in the Greek verbal system is primarily aspectual: it corresponds to the cross-linguistic category of perfective aspect, by representing the event as a single whole. The indicative also has a temporal meaning, in being a past tense, whereas the non-indicative moods only have an aspectual function.  

The aorist is one of the so-called temporal stems of the Greek verbal system (Aorist Formation, Aorist (aóristos), Ancient Theories of). However, its functio…

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Maria Napoli, “Aorist”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000415>
First published online: 2013

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