Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Aorist (aóristos), Ancient Theories of
(845 words)


The entry discusses the grammatical category of “Aorist” (Greek ἀόριστος) as part of the ancient Greek grammatical theory.

The Greek term aóristos (ἀόριστος) is a privative verbal adjective built on the root of the verb horízō ‘to define, determine’, thus meaning ‘undefined, undetermined’. Apart from other applications in grammar, the word referred to one of the tenses of the Gk. verb (Tense/Aspect), the morphology of which is characterized by the morpheme -sa (1 sg.), e.g. é-lu-sa, the aorist corresponding to present lú-ō ‘(re)sol…

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Jean Lallot, “Aorist (aóristos), Ancient Theories of”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000416>
First published online: 2013

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