Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Aorist Formation
(2,148 words)


In Classical Greek, aorist morphology bifurcates into two basic categories, sigmatic and asigmatic. Each category, however, is an amalgamated affiliation that draws on latent PIE morphologies (verbal roots, older sigmatic forms) and serendipities of Greek phonology. The multiplicity and confusion of forms in Homer (where both types of aorists are formed for the same verbal root) both illustrat…

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Joel Christensen, “Aorist Formation”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 05 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000030>
First published online: 2013

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