Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Caland System and Greek
(2,260 words)


The term ‘Caland system’ refers to a set of mainly nominal suffixes closely related in terms of their derivation. Within the system of the word formation suffixes inherited from PIE, they form a subsystem. The system comprises a (not yet definite) number of suffixes with which derivatives can be formed from a single root. The best examples showing a closer connection of these suffixes can be gained primarily from…

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Harald Bichlmeier, “Caland System and Greek”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 01 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_000035>
First published online: 2013

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