Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Glottalic Theory and Greek
(1,522 words)


According to the Glottalic Theory the three types of Proto-Indo-European stops were essentially plain, glottalized, and voiced (t, t’, d) rather than plain, voiced, and voice-aspirated (t, d, dh), as is commonly claimed. The theory was developed in the 1970s independently by Thomas Gamkrelidze and Vyacheslav Ivanov and by Paul Hopper.

Traditional reconstructions of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) sound system focused on the contrasting sets of correspondences that required the reconstruction of distinct segme…

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Brian Joseph, “Glottalic Theory and Greek”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 07 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000404>
First published online: 2013

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