Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

Get access

(423 words)


The coalescence of multiple phonemes into one.

Several mergers took place in the consonantal system between PIE and the Classical period, while later mergers transformed the vowel system as it developed into Koine.

As a centum language, one important set of mergers in the prehistory of Greek was between the plain velars *k, *g, *gʰ and their palatovelar counterparts *ḱ, *ǵ, *ǵʰ (examples from Sihler 1995).








‘race, kind’




‘I pour’

The labiovelars*kʷ, *gʷ, and *gʷʰ inherit…

Cite this page
Bridget Samuels, “Merger”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000494>
First published online: 2013

▲   Back to top   ▲