Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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(790 words)


Ancient Greek has three morphologically distinct voice categories: active voice, middle voice and passive voice. The middle voice is morphologically marked with a distinctive set of personal endings: -mai, -sai (or -ēi/-ei), -tai, etc. The middle voice expresses that the subject is physically or psychologically affected by the event (subject-affectedness).

The verbal grammatical category voice pertains to the relationship between grammatical roles (Subject, Direct Object) and semantic roles (agent [Agency and Causation], Pa…

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Rutger Allan, “Middle”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 01 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000497>
First published online: 2013

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