Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Orders (Imperative/Prohibitives)
(5,072 words)


The imperative mood usually (but not exclusively) allowed Ancient Greek speakers to express commands and prohibitions. The imperative of command was more common than that of prohibition, which was used to forbid an action and qualified as a negative command. Most endings of the three tenses of the Ancient Greek imperative mood were of Indo-European origin. The negative mḗ or a cognate occurred before the imperative to convert the command into a prohibition. In pro…

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Lucio Melazzo, “Orders (Imperative/Prohibitives)”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 26 November 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000264>
First published online: 2013

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