Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Perfect, Formation of
(2,378 words)


The Ancient Greek perfect was formed from a special perfect stem combined with specific affixes and endings. The perfect stem was mainly formed by reduplication (or similar processes), and it originally exhibited root ablaut. Later this alternation was often modified or given up; instead, a new suffix -k- arose in the active. Only the perfect indicative had specific endings in the active, whereas the active participle preserved its own suffix. The active endings were partl…

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Martin Kümmel, “Perfect, Formation of”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 20 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000275>
First published online: 2013

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