Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Subjunctive (Morphology of)
(902 words)


Homeric Greek, East Ionic, and many other dialects (but not Attic-Ionic) continue the Indo-European subjunctive of athematic stems (the ‘short-vowel subjunctive’), while Classical Greek replaces all athematic types of subjunctive with the subjunctive of thematic stems (the ‘long-vowel subjunctive’). The subjunctive is most typically used in subordinate clauses and expresses a hortatory, a prohibitive, or a deliberative meaning.

The subjunctive mood (Mood and Modality), also called ‘conjun…

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Nikolaos Lavidas, “Subjunctive (Morphology of)”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 07 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000538>
First published online: 2013

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