Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Syntax (súntaxis), Ancient Theories of
(2,398 words)


The Greek word súntaxis has given us the modern word syntax, but does not express precisely the same idea. It denotes the rational organizational processes of an utterance, in which semantic aspects, both on the lexical and the grammatical levels, join together in an ordered combination of linguistic units. This concept(ion) of language, which reached its zenith with Apollonius Dyscolus in the 2nd c. CE, owes much to philological, rhetorical, logical and philosophical traditions, and in particular to Stoic philosophy.

The Greek word s…

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Frédéric Lambert, “Syntax (súntaxis), Ancient Theories of”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000335>
First published online: 2013

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