Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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(5,423 words)


The verbal grammatical category of voice pertains to the relationship between syntactic roles (subject, direct object) and semantic roles (agent, patient, experiencer, beneficiary, recipient). Ancient Greek has three morphologically distinct voice categories. The active voice is marked by act. endings (, -eis, etc.). The middle voice is marked by mid. endings (-mai, -sai, etc.). The passive…

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Rutger Allan, “Voice”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 30 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000373>
First published online: 2013

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