Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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(5,423 words)


The verbal grammatical category of voice pertains to the relationship between syntactic roles (subject, direct object) and semantic roles (agent, patient, experiencer, beneficiary, recipient). Ancient Greek has three morphologically distinct voice categories. The active voice is marked by act. endings (, -eis, etc.). The middle voice is marked by mid. endings (-mai, -sai, etc.). The passive voice …

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Rutger Allan, “Voice”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis. Consulted online on 26 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000373>
First published online: 2013

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