Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(5,809 words)

1. Government and governors

The syntactic term ʿamal ‘action, performance’ denotes ‘governance’, i.e. the grammatical effect of one word of a sentence on another. All constituents of a sentence are either ʿawāmil (sg. ʿāmil) ‘governors’ or maʿmūlāt (sg. maʿmūl) ‘governed’. The effect of this government is a case ending (ʾiʿrab ‘declension’). For the noun these endings are:

-u nominative (rafʿ): rajul-un ‘a man’;
-a accusative (n…

Cite this page
Valeriy Rybalkin, “ʿAmal”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_0013>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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