Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(967 words)

Anaptyxis is defined as the insertion of a short/extra short (non-etymological) vowel between consonants in order to make a word more easily pronounceable. In Arabic, it is also employed to resolve consonantal clusters prohibited by the syllable structure rules, which generally leads to a creation of a new syllable. It is also called epenthesis; a similar phenomenon in nouns may be called ‘nomina segolata’ (especially employed with regard to Hebrew).

This phenomenon takes place in various positions; at the beginning of a word, it is usually called prothesis. It may also take place…

Cite this page
Petr Zemánek, “Anaptyxis”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 13 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_0006>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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