Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Binding
(1,263 words)

Nominal expressions may be classified into three categories: anaphors such as reflexives (1a) and reciprocals (1b), pronominals (2), and referential expressions or (R-expressions) (3). The literature on Binding Theory is extensive; see Chomsky (1981), Chomsky (1995), and Hornstein (2001) for more exhaustive discussions and references. All the examples are given in Lebanese Arabic:

(1)

Anaphors

a.

šēf

ḥāl-o

saw.3ms

state-him

‘He saw himself’

b.

ḥiko

ma

baʿḍ-un

spoke.3p

with

reciprocal.p

‘They spoke with each other’

(2)

Pronominals

sāmi

šēf-o

Sami

saw 3ms-him

‘Sami saw him’

(3)

R-e…

Cite this page
Joseph Aoun, “Binding”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_0045>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831



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