Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Case Theory
(3,839 words)

Case is a concept with deep historical roots in Western and indigenous Arabic grammatical theory. In modern linguistics, case refers not only to the morphological shape of nominals and their modifiers but also to their syntactic and semantic roles within a sentence (Ura 2003:334), for example subject and object or agent and theme (case roles; theta roles). Arabic grammar, medieval and modern, recognizes three cases of nouns: nominative (rafʿ ‘promotion’), accusative (naṣb ‘demotion’), and genitive (jarr ‘abatement’), realized as the suffixes -u, -a, and -i respectively (Gaballa…

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Mark S. LeTourneau, “Case Theory”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 27 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_0013>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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