Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Copula
(2,584 words)

Arabic root clauses are divided into two distinct categories: verbal and nominal. While the former category exhibits a verbal form, the latter does not. This is shown in (1) and (2) (Assahārīn 2003:46):

(1)

yu-rḍiʿu

al-ḥūt-u

ṣiġāra-hu

Imp.3.m-breastfeed.s

the-mammals-Nom

babies-his

‘Mammals breastfeed their babies.’

(2)

Ø al-ḥūt-u

ʾaṭwalu

min

at-timsāḥ

the-mammals-Nom

taller

than

the-crocodile

‘Mammals are taller than crocodiles.’

While the sentence in (1) contains a verb yu-rḍ…

Cite this page
Maher Bahloul, “Copula”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 15 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_0072>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831



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