Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(3,161 words)

In Medieval Arabic grammatical literature, the concept of ḍamīr ‘pronoun’ (pl. ḍamāʾir) constitutes a subcategory of kināya ‘proform’. The term kināya refers to a nominal substitute realized either as a vague noun such as fulān ‘so-and-so’, kayta wa-kayta ‘such and such’ and kaḏā wa-kaḏā ‘so-and-so many’, or otherwise as a pronoun. Kināya is thus a device used for the sake of vagueness or economy. The ḍamīr, as a special case of kināya, is used as a short version of the noun and often serves for disambiguation. Ibn Yaʿīš (Šarh III, 84) explains that, whereas in zaydun faʿala zaydun ‘Zayd, Z…

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Yishai Peled, “Ḍamīr”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_0024>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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