Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(1,949 words)

Energicus/energic/energetic and an-nūn al-muʾakkida/nūn at-tawkīd (al-xafīfa wa-ṯ-ṯaqīla) in Arabic are parallel names for an optional ending of either single or geminate -n- which is occasionally suffixed to certain Semitic verb conjugations, particles, and prepositions. In Arabic, the energicus appears mostly in Classical Arabic and is found in many Qurʾānic passages (Wright 1896:61, 1898:24; Brockelmann 1908: 554–555, 1913:159; Reckendorf 1921:16; Fleisch 1979:128–132, 140–141; Fischer 2002: 110, 118, 120, 137, 230; Ambros 1989; Zewi 1999:13–63). The Arabic -n(n)- e…

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Tamar Zewi, “Energicus”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol2_0005>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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