Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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(5,060 words)

The influx to European countries of (mainly) labor migrants from countries where Arabic is the language of daily communication started in the early 1950s. The present description of the status and development of the var…

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Jan Jaap de Ruiter, “Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 04 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol2_0012>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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