(1,142 words)

Geminate consonants in Classical Arabic are not contrastive, i.e., there are no two monomorphemic words that contrast single and geminate consonants. Gemination of consonants, however, is associated with a number of morphological contexts. Along with cases of morphologically conditioned gemination, there are cases of phonologically conditioned gemination, occurring as a consequence of satisfying the templatic conditions of stems in Arabic (McCarthy and Prince 1990a, 1990b). The targets of morpho…

Cite this page
Samuel Rosenthall, “Gemination”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 18 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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