Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Gypsy Arabic
(4,215 words)

‘Gypsies’ is an ambiguous term. It is used on the one hand as a universal term to denote ethnically and linguistically diverse populations of commercial nomads (also known as service nomads, itinerants, or peripatetics). In a more restricted sense, it often refers specifically to the Řom or Romanies of Europe, a population of Indian origin whose language is (or, in the case of some communities, was) a dialect of Romani – řomani čhib or řomanes, as it is usually referred to by its speakers (see Matras 2002). A further, mixed reading of the term ‘Gypsies’ might include …

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Yaron Matras, “Gypsy Arabic”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 28 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0011>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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