Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Ḥaḏf
(451 words)

There is a tendency in Semitic languages (notably in Geʿez) for short vowels i and u to become ə and, often, to disappear. This tendency is apparent in Arabic in a restricted number of cases only, a process the Arab grammarians call ḥaḏf‘elision’. For huwa and hiya preceded by fa-, wa-, la-, ʾa-, an elision may occur: wa-huwa or wa-hwa, fa-hiya or fa-hya, la-huwa or la-hwa, ʾa-hiya or ʾa-hya. In the jussive, forms like fa-li-yaqtul and wa-li-yaqtul may have an elision of i: fa-l-yaqtul, wa-l-yaqtul. As for verbs and nouns, in verbs of the pattern faʿula, faʿila (maʿlūm) and of the pattern fuʿila…

Cite this page
Jacques Grand'Henry, “Ḥaḏf”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0012>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831



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